Private Schools and Institutions
Title I, Part A
Title I, Part A program provides supplemental educational services so that all children have a fair, equal, and significant opportunity to obtain a high-quality education. Generally, to qualify for assistance under Title I, a student must reside within the attendance area of a participating public school located in a low-income area and be failing, or at risk of failing, to meet student academic achievement standards.
Under Title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA), as reauthorized by the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA), local educational agencies (LEAs) are required to provide services for eligible public school students, as well as eligible private school students. Specifically, section 1118 of Title I, Part A, requires a participating LEA to provide eligible children attending private elementary and secondary schools, their teachers, and their families, with Title I services or other benefits that are equitable to those provided to eligible public school children, their teachers, and their families.
Title I services for private school students must be developed in consultation with officials of the private schools.
The amount of Title I funds allocated to each participating public school attendance area is determined mainly on the basis of the total number of low-income students—both public and private—residing in each area. Expenditures for private school students in each area generally are determined based on the proportion of students from low-income families residing in that area who attend private school.
The Title I services provided by the LEA for private school participants are designed to meet their educational needs and supplement the educational services provided by the private school. These services may be provided by the LEA, or by a contractor who is independent of the private school and any religious organization. Title I services or benefits must be secular, neutral, and non-ideological.
Title II, Part A and Title III
Title II, Part A
Title II, Part A of the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) of 2015 is intended to increase student academic achievement consistent with challenging State academic standards, improve the quality and effectiveness of educators, increase the number of educators who are effective in improving student academic achievement in schools, and provide low-income and minority students greater access to effective educators.
Title III is a supplemental grant under the ESEA that is designed to improve and enhance the education of English learners (ELs) in becoming proficient in English, as well as meeting the Colorado Academic Content standards. The Title III Immigrant Set-Aside grant resides within this program and provides opportunities for LEAs to enhance the instructional opportunities for immigrant students and their families.
Equitable Services in Non-Public Schools
Under the Uniform Provisions, LEA are required to provide services to eligible nonpublic school students, teachers and other personnel. These services and other benefits must be comparable to those provided to public school students and teachers participating in the program, and they must be provided in a timely manner.
To ensure equitable participation, the LEA must: 1) identify the needs of nonpublic school students and teachers; 2) spend an equal amount of funds per student to provide services; 3) provide nonpublic school students and teachers with an opportunity to participate in activities equivalent to the opportunity provided public school students and teachers; and 4) offer services that are secular, neutral and non-ideological.